Freight glossary

A range of air freight terms are used in our industry. So, we’ve put together a glossary to demystify some of the most commonly used words and acronyms.

Acronyms

We've put together a list of commonly used acroynms and their meanings.

ARR Arrival of AWB at port
ATA Actual time of arrival
ATD Actual time of departure
AWB Air waybill
AWD Shipment arrival documents delivered to the consignee or agent
BKD Shipment booked on a specific flight
CCD Shipment cleared by Customs
CTO Cargo Terminal Operator
DEP Shipment departed on a specific flight
DIS Shipment with a discrepancy
DLV Shipment delivered to the consignee or agent
EXP-FLN Post Departure milestone (ATD)
This Export Flight Finalisation transaction will internally mark the following messages generation milestones - for downstream ports - as complete:
1. FWB (Only if the downstream port is Non-Mechanised)
2. FHL (Only if the downstream port is Non-Mechanised)
3. FFM (Only if. the downstream port is Non-Mechanised)
EXP-PLN This transaction will mark the completion of the following milestones:
1. DWS (Export and Transit)
2. NOTOC (Export and Transit)
FFM Flight Manifest
FHL House AWB
FIW Freight in warehouse - hand over from ramp for import
FOW Freight out of warehouse - hand over to ramp for export
FSU Freight Status Update
FWB Electronic AWB
HAWB House air waybill
MAN Shipment manifested on a specific flight
MAWB Master air waybill
NFD Shipment arrived at destination and the consignee or agent has been informed
RCF Shipment received from a given flight
RCS Shipment received from shipper or agent and checked in at the terminal
RCT Shipment received from another airline
STA Scheduled time of arrival
STD Scheduled time of departure
TFD Shipment transferred to another airline
TRM Shipment to be transferred to another airline

Airport-to-airport freight

The transport of goods from one airport to another airport. This is offered by most airlines and requires the sender, or nominated person, to drop off the shipment and a receiver to pick up the goods at the airport terminal.

Air waybill (AWB)

A document that functions as proof of goods being received for shipment by an air carrier - like a ticket for a passenger.

Consignment note (or Con note) 

A document prepared and signed by the person sending the shipment which is countersigned by the carrier of the shipment as proof of receipt.

Consignee

The person receiving the shipment.

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Consignor

The person sending the shipment.

Customs

Customs control the flow of goods into and out of the country they’re representing – all international shipments need to be customs-cleared before they’re accepted into the country. Visit the Australian customs and quarantine site for more information.

Dead weight

The actual weight of a shipment - in kilograms.

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Domestic freight 

The sending of goods within Australia.

Door-to-door freight

The transport of goods from one defined point to another point - e.g. from a company warehouse to an end destination. Companies such as Startrack, DHL, Fedex etc. offer door-to-door freight services.

Export licenses

A government document granting the right to export a specific quantity of a commodity to the country requested.

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First mile delivery

The movement of goods from the sender to the courier service who will get the product to its final receiver.

Freight forwarder

A company that ships and receives goods on behalf of a customer.

House air waybill (HAWB)

If a freight forwarder is involved in the shipping of goods, this document acts as proof that the freight forwarder agrees to deliver the goods to their destination.

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International freight

The importing of goods into Australia or the exporting of goods outside Australia.

Last mile delivery

The delivery of goods from a transport carrier to a customer, directly. For example, from an airport to a personal residence.

Master air waybill (MAWB)

A master air waybill (MAWB) is issued by the carrier a freight forwarder chooses to get goods to a final destination.

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Supply chain

The processes and resources used to deliver a product to the final customer.

Quarantine

If products are quarantined, they’ll be held at the point of arrival so they can be checked for any potentially infectious or contagious diseases. Visit the Australian customs and quarantine site for more information.

Volumetric weight

The volumetric weight of a shipment is a calculation that reflects the density of a package. A less dense item generally occupies more volume of space, in comparison to its actual weight. The volumetric or dimensional weight is calculated and compared with the actual weight of the shipment to ascertain which is greater; the higher weight is used to calculate the shipment cost.

 

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